Furniture Materials and Wood Types

“When you buy a furniture, wood is the common material that we often see in stores. There are many types wood materials used in making furniture, which is why before you buy one, you must have an idea of the characteristics. In this way, you can have the most suitable material for your need and budget.”


Wood is the most versatile, renewable and sustainable resource on the planet which is why wood is also the most commonly used material in the creation of furniture. As wood is an organic material and can be native to specific regions you may find that different woods are traditionally more commonly used for furniture in different countries. Nowadays, with the cost of travel and transport at an all time low these different woods are imported and exported at a much higher rate and the options for furniture makers are at an all time high. New, man made ‘woods’ have also added to the variety of options available and it is up to the furniture maker to decide which wood is best for any given project. Other materials are of course used for either structural or aesthetic properties and they are also discussed here. Browse the list below to learn about the qualities and common uses of each type of furniture material.


Cedar is a reddish soft wood native to Lebanon, western Syria and south central Turkey where it is traditionally used in the making of Venetian Blinds. It has a distinctive sweet odour which is why it is extensively used in chest making, closet lining and household novelties. It is very easy to work with, uniform in texture and is also resistant to decay leading to its use as an outdoor house shingle.


Cherry is close grained hard wood that resists warping and shrinking well. The native range of the wild cherry extends through most of Europe, western Asia and parts of northern Africa. Cherry wood reddens when it is exposed to sunlight. It ages well and is extensively used in cabinet making, boat trim, novelties and solid furniture handles.


Chestnut is a hard wood native to temperate regions of the Northern Hemisphere. There are numerous variations, the most popular of which is Spanish Chestnut. Chestnut wood loses it’s durability when grown beyond 50 years so it is difficult to get large, long timber from it. It has always been highly valued for small outdoor furniture pieces, where durability is important, as well as fencing and wooden shingles for covering buildings, it is also used to make barrels.


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